The Hernando de Soto expedition entered the Tennessee Valley via the Nolichucky River in June 1540, rested for several weeks at the village of Chiaha (near the modern Douglas Dam), and proceeded southward to the Coosa chiefdom in northern Georgia.In 1567, the Pardo expedition entered the Tennessee Valley via the French Broad River, rested for several days at Chiaha, and followed a trail to the upper Little Tennessee River before being forced to turn back.
This property may be overridden when creating a connection pool.For the several months ahead, the single mom of eight has numerous activities and trips in mind for her kids — Cara, Madelyn, Alexis, Hannah, Aaden, Collin, Leah, and Joel — including a family vacation down to Florida.Excavations at Icehouse Bottom in the early 1970s uncovered evidence of human habitation dating to as early as 7,500 BC.Other archaic sites include Rose Island, located a few miles downstream from Icehouse Bottom, and the Eva site in Benton County.Inhabitants spoke a dialect of the Muskogean language, and lived in complex agrarian communities centered around fortified villages.
Cherokee-speaking people lived in the remote reaches of the Appalachian Mountains, and may have been at war with the Muskogean inhabitants in the valley.
Before European contact, they were supposedly all a loose collection of Mississippian culture city-states with their own leaders, but upon contact with Europeans, they merged into larger nations, spread out and adopted a European lifestyle, earning many of them the title of the "Civilized Tribes." During the height of the Mississippians, hundreds of walled cities extended throughout the American south from Louisiana to the east coast, up the Mississippi into Wisconsin & a few fringe cities along larger rivers on the Great Plains. They did not build with stone, but made plenty of examples of sculpture work in clay, stone & copper.
Most of what remains of these cities, however, are large, pyramidal, earthen hills (upon which chiefs & upper-classmen would build their homes) and artful burial mounds.
This came to be known as the Trail of Tears, as an estimated 4,000 Cherokee died along the way.
In the Cherokee language, the event is called Nunna daul Isunyi—"The Trail Where We Cried".
Tennessee is home to two major Woodland period (1000 BC – 1000 AD) sites: the Pinson Mounds in Madison County and the Old Stone Fort in Coffee County, both built c. The Pinson Mounds are the largest Middle Woodland site in the Southeastern United States, consisting of at least 12 mounds and a geometric earthen enclosure. 1000 – 1600) villages are found along the banks of most of the major rivers in Tennessee.