In the 21st century, Germany is a great power with a strong economy; it has the world's fourth-largest economy by nominal GDP, and the fifth-largest by PPP.
During the Migration Period, the Germanic tribes expanded southward.
Beginning in the 10th century, German territories formed a central part of the Holy Roman Empire.
Germany's capital and largest metropolis is Berlin, while its largest conurbation is the Ruhr, with its main centres of Dortmund and Essen.
The country's other major cities are Hamburg, Munich, Cologne, Frankfurt, Stuttgart, Düsseldorf, Leipzig, Bremen, Dresden, Hannover, and Nuremberg.
His drama Faust I (1808) is considered his greatest work and a national treasure, as well as the source of many quotations still present in everyday German.
The phrase , aims at your heart and soul, often triggering a confession or a difficult decision.Various Germanic tribes have inhabited the northern parts of modern Germany since classical antiquity.A region named Germania was documented before 100 AD.The German revolutions of 1848–49 resulted in the Frankfurt Parliament establishing major democratic rights.In 1871, Germany became a nation state when most of the German states unified into the Prussian-dominated German Empire.From a more recent source by another famous German writer, Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956), comes the ultimate insight into human nature: , an 8th century manuscript dictionary of translations from Latin into Old High German.