However, in reference to women, historically, it was sometimes used to refer to an engaged woman—parthenos autou (παρθένος αὐτού, his virgin) = his fiancée as opposed to gunē autou (γυνή αὐτού, his woman) = his wife.
As Frau means "woman", it suggests a female referent.
Unlike English, German also has a specific word for a male virgin Jüngling ("Youngling"). Jungfrau, with some masculine modifier, is more typical, as evidenced by the film, The 40-Year-Old Virgin, about a 40-year-old male virgin, titled in German, "Jungfrau (40), männlich, sucht…".
The English cognate "maid" was often used to imply virginity, especially in poetry - e.g.
Maid Marian, the love interest of the legendary outlaw Robin Hood in English folklore.
By extension from its primary sense, the idea that a virgin has a sexual "blank slate", can imply that the person is of unadulterated purity.
The concept of virginity has significance only in a particular social, cultural and moral context.
Note that the term used for the starsign virgo also is Jungfrau (even it had a similar term used in Swedish was "Jungfrun" however, the Swedish title for the film used the English title instead), which makes the above movie title ambiguous.
German also distinguishes between young women and girls, who are denoted by the word Mädchen.
The concept of virginity usually involves moral or religious issues and can have consequences in terms of social status and in interpersonal relationships.
Although virginity has social implications and had significant legal implications in some societies in the past, it has no legal consequences in most societies today.
According to Hanne Blank, "virginity reflects no known biological imperative and grants no demonstrable evolutionary advantage." Although virginity has historically been correlated with purity and worth, many feminist scholars believe that it is a myth.