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Four of the six—Technetium () are unstable and undergo radioactive decay. They say that stars, including our Sun, derive their energy by electrical and magnetic phenomena, not by fusing hydrogen into helium. Scott, (Portland, Oregon: Mikamar Publishing, 2006).] We will bypass this fascinating possibility, because the electrical explanation does not address the origin of earth’s radioactivity. When fusion merges two nuclei heavier than 60 AMU, energy is absorbed, The Proton-21 Electrodynamics Research Laboratory in the Ukraine is demonstrating this and is producing superheavy elements.As of 2017, 118 elements have been observed, some very briefly in experiments. [See page 393.] Fluttering hydroplates at the beginning of the flood and the piezoelectric effect produced similar results.

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This process terminates in the final configuration which corresponds to newly synthesized isotopes. the process is “The first 700 million years of Earth’s 4.5-billion-year existence are known as the Hadean period, after Hades, or, to shed the ancient Greek name, Hell.That name seemed to fit with the common perception that the young Earth was a hot, dry, desolate landscape interspersed with seas of magma and inhospitable for life.”“The origin of the carbon and the nature of the carbon reservoir, as well as the process by which microdiamonds can be incorporated in zircon together with ‘granitic’ inclusions, present problems fundamental to understanding processes active in the early history of the Earth. The observed large variations in inclusions hosted in the same zircon grain suggest that the carbon inclusions formed from different material and/or under different geological conditions before they were eventually included in the zircon. Therefore, the simplest explanation, and the one which is supported by most observations, is that the diamond formation must pre-date zircon crystallization and, most probably, is not related to zircon formation.”“But the questions of how gas from the solar nebula was trapped in the solid parts of growing planets, and how the gas was preserved through early accretionary events, will certainly test our models of accretion.” R. Strutt (son of the famous Lord Rayleigh who made many scientific discoveries, including the discovery of argon) first explained this in 1906, ten years after Henri Becquerel discovered radioactivity.In general, the heat production rate must decrease with depth. Corliss has cataloged many books and reports of electrical activity associated with earthquakes.Otherwise, surface values would imply zero or negative mantle heat flow.” Ibid., pp. In other words, the rocks directly below the Moho would have melted—an easily detected condition. My brief extracts, slightly edited, are taken from his , 2nd edition (Knoxville, Tennessee: Earth Sciences Associates, 1988).Because the piezoelectric effect is easily explained, well understood, and quantifiable, it will be the mechanism described in this chapter. Briefer, but more intense, compressive stresses and electrical discharges also occurred as the hydroplates crashed near the end of the flood. This is another example of how we sometimes unknowingly distort reality in order to simplify.

Because this compression event may be harder to visualize, we will focus primarily on the broader and lengthier events at the beginning of the flood. Actually, the nuclei of some heavy elements are pear-shaped. Six of the 94 naturally occurring chemical elements have no stable isotopes.

This origin of earth’s radioactivity also accounts for accelerated radioactive decay and corrects the false belief that the earth is billions of years old. The instability index is an arbitrary formula that maps half-lives of 0 – years (or 3 seconds) would have an instability index of 50. It is a direct result of “the strong force,” described briefly on page 391.

That isotope would be represented by a tall, thin bar that rose halfway up the side of the valley of stability. For details, consult a good textbook on nuclear physics. In decay, a nucleus is changed (that is, by seemingly random processes inside the vibrating nucleus).

The data used in constructing this figure were taken from , 16th edition (Schenectady, NY: Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory, 2002) by Edward M. Usually a tiny subatomic particle leaves (as in alpha, beta, or gamma decay) or enters (as in electron capture). Either the large nucleus splits after being bombarded by another particle, such as a neutron, or the nucleus splits spontaneously, without bombardment.

In fission, a very large nucleus splits into two large nuclei. Spontaneous fissions are considered decays, but most decays are not fissions.

Click here to order the hardbound 8th edition (2008) and other materials. Those who have read this chapter since it was written in 2009 know that this source of radioactivity has been known and explained since 2009—it was not “previously unknown” in 2017, as quoted above.